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Barcelona is one of the most popular cities in the world, known for its rich history, stunning architecture, and vibrant culture. Beyond its tourist attractions and famous football club, FC Barcelona, many people wonder who owns the city itself. In this blog post, we will explore the ownership structure of Barcelona and shed light on the various entities involved.

The Municipality of Barcelona

The Municipality of Barcelona, also known as the City Council, is responsible for governing the city. It is a local government body made up of elected officials who represent the interests of Barcelona’s residents and businesses. The City Council is responsible for a wide range of services, including urban planning, transportation, and public safety.

The City Council is in charge of managing the city’s assets and resources, such as public infrastructure, parks, and public spaces. They are also responsible for promoting Barcelona as a tourist destination and enhancing the quality of life for its residents.

The Government of Catalonia

Barcelona is the capital city of Catalonia, an autonomous community in Spain. As such, the Government of Catalonia plays a significant role in the administration of Barcelona. The government oversees important areas such as education, healthcare, and cultural policies that impact the city.

While the Government of Catalonia does not directly control the day-to-day operations of Barcelona, its policies and decisions can greatly influence the city’s development and governance. It works in collaboration with the City Council to ensure the well-being of the city and its residents.

The Private Sector

Alongside the public entities, various private sector organizations also play a vital role in Barcelona’s ownership. These include businesses, real estate developers, and investment groups who own and manage properties, hotels, restaurants, and other commercial establishments in the city.

The private sector contributes to Barcelona’s economy by creating job opportunities, generating revenue, and driving innovation. They play a crucial role in shaping the city’s landscape and overall development.

FC Barcelona

FC Barcelona, one of the most celebrated football clubs globally, has a unique ownership structure. It is commonly known as a “soci-owned” club, meaning it is owned by its supporters. The fans, through a voting process, have a say in the club’s decisions, including the election of the president and approving major strategic moves.

This ownership structure has allowed FC Barcelona to foster a strong sense of community and maintain a connection with its fanbase. It sets them apart from other football clubs that are owned by wealthy individuals or private corporations.


While Barcelona’s ownership is a complex system involving different entities, it is this collaboration between the Municipality, the Government of Catalonia, the private sector, and the unique ownership model of FC Barcelona that contributes to the overall success and development of the city.

Understanding the ownership structure of Barcelona helps us appreciate the collective efforts that go into making Barcelona the vibrant and thriving city it is today.

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