Is Barcelona Owned by the Fans?

by | Mar 7, 2024 | Pub Crawl Barcelona

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Barcelona Football Club, widely known as FC Barcelona or simply Barça, is one of the most popular and successful football clubs in the world. When it comes to ownership, Barcelona operates under a unique structure that sets it apart from many other clubs. In this article, we will explore whether Barcelona is truly owned by the fans.

The Ownership Model of Barcelona

While many football clubs are owned by wealthy individuals or corporations, Barcelona follows a different approach. The club operates as a fan-owned club, known as a socios model. This means that the fans, referred to as socios, have a say in the decision-making processes of the club.

Becoming a Socio

In order to be a part of the decision-making process and have a vote on key matters, individuals can become socios by signing up for membership. This membership comes at a cost, which serves as a means of both generating revenue for the club and ensuring commitment from the fans.

It’s important to note that being a Barcelona socio goes beyond just being a regular club member. Socios have the power to elect the club president and the board of directors, influencing the direction and decisions of the club.

Socio Benefits

Besides having a voice in the club’s governance, being a socio comes with various benefits. Socios have the privilege of purchasing tickets for matches, often at a discount, and can access exclusive club facilities and events.

The Role of the Socios

The socios play a significant role in running Barcelona and ensuring the club stays true to its values. They participate in major decisions, such as choosing the president and voting on issues that impact the club’s future.

The President and the Board

One of the key responsibilities of the socios is to elect the club president. The president, along with the board of directors, oversees the day-to-day operations of the club, including financial decisions, transfers, and strategic planning.

Democracy and Accountability

By giving the fans a say in the club’s affairs, Barcelona’s socios model promotes democracy and ensures accountability. The decisions made by socios must align with the best interests of the club and its long-term success.

Challenges and Criticisms

While the socios model has its advantages, it also faces challenges and criticisms. Some argue that it can lead to a slow decision-making process, as involving thousands of members in important choices may be time-consuming. Others argue that it limits the club’s ability to seek external investments or utilize financial resources.

Despite these criticisms, the socios model has been instrumental in preserving Barcelona’s identity as a club owned by the fans.


In conclusion, Barcelona is indeed owned by the fans through the socios membership model. This unique ownership structure empowers the fans, giving them a say in the club’s governance and decision-making processes. While it presents challenges, it ensures that Barcelona’s direction is influenced by those who are deeply connected to the club – the supporters themselves.

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Is Barcelona Owned by the Fans?